Commercial mortgage-backed securities, or CMBS, are bonds or notes created via securitisation that are backed by commercial mortgages or other commercial real estate assets. CMBS originators are typically financial institutions that originate commercial real estate or commercial mortgage loans, including banks, building societies/savings & loans and mortgage finance companies. To create commercial mortgage-backed securities, or CMBS, institutions sell pools of their loans to a special-purpose vehicle, or SPV, which then sells the loans to a trust. The trust then repackages the loans as interest-bearing securities and issues them. This true sale of the loans to the SPV ensures that the CMBS is treated as bankruptcy-remote from the originator.
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